In certain situations, the best option for dental treatment is to have a tooth removed. The extraction process is generally quick, often less than an hour. Some reasons for having a tooth extracted include severe decay, irreparable damage, advanced gum disease, poor tooth positioning and orthodontic treatment.
The process for extracting a tooth starts by applying a local anesthetic to numb the tooth and the areas that surround it. Once the patient is numb, the dentist will begin the actual extraction. During this time, the patient will likely feel some pressure in the area, but they should not experience pain. Larger teeth may need to be cut into multiple sections before they can be properly removed.
Once the extraction is complete, it is very important to form a blood clot at the site of the extraction. This allows the healing process to begin as quickly as possible. A blood clot is formed by having the patient bite down on a gauze pad for 30 to 45 minutes. Once the clot has properly formed, it must not be disturbed. Patients who have just had a tooth extracted are advised to refrain from using a straw, rinsing vigorously, smoking, intense exercise and drug and alcohol consumption for at least 24 hours after the procedure.
After the local anesthesia wears off, many patients experience some moderate pain at the extraction site. Our dentist will recommend an over-the-counter pain reliever or a prescription if necessary. This medication will greatly reduce discomfort and provide a soothing effect. Patients are also instructed to use an icepack on the outer cheek near the extraction site as a way of reducing swelling.
After 24 hours, the patient will be able to resume their normal activities of brushing and flossing. If the patient experiences severe pain or uncontrolled bleeding after the procedure, they should contact our office immediately.
If you would like to learn more about tooth extractions, please contact us at (786) 320-7554 to schedule an appointment.